Kangning, director of the soil Department of Sichu

2022-08-11
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Kang Ning, director of the soil Department of Sichuan Environmental Protection Department: achieve "full coverage" of hazardous waste disposal facilities

Kang Ning, director of the soil Department of Sichuan Environmental Protection Department: achieve "full coverage" of hazardous waste disposal facilities

December 22, 2017

[China paint information]

at present, the comprehensive disposal capacity of Sichuan Province has reached 93600 tons. Sichuan's industrial structure is biased, and there are many kinds and large quantities of hazardous wastes produced in chemical, pharmaceutical, nonferrous metals, petrochemical and other industries. With the continuous strengthening of environmental supervision and the continuous improvement of the collection system, the demand for centralized disposal of hazardous wastes in the province will continue to grow

in order to cope with this situation, previously, the Sichuan provincial plan for the construction of centralized hazardous waste disposal facilities (2017-2022) (hereinafter referred to as the plan) has been officially issued and implemented with the approval of the Sichuan provincial government. In the next five years, Sichuan will concentrate on solving these problems in accordance with the plan. We should base ourselves on the current situation, solve the urgent needs, make a scientific layout and give consideration to the long term, strive to comprehensively improve the safe disposal capacity of hazardous waste in the province in a relatively short time, build a hazardous waste disposal system suitable for the economic and social development of the province, and realize the "reduction, recycling and harmlessness" of hazardous waste

start from the "top-level" design. Based on the whole province, carry out systematic layout of centralized disposal facilities for hazardous wastes and medical wastes, standardize and guide the construction of hazardous waste recycling facilities, and promote the prevention and control of hazardous waste pollution

integrity should be considered and systematization should be fully reflected. In terms of "integrity", the centralized disposal of industrial hazardous waste and medical waste is arranged, and the disposal of social source hazardous waste is also stipulated, and the centralized disposal center planned and constructed is required to cover the disposal categories of social source hazardous waste. The "systematic" not only plans the layout of centralized disposal facilities, but also plans the classified collection and transportation of various hazardous wastes at the front end, and puts forward requirements for the operation and supervision of end facilities

face the problems that need to be solved urgently, centrally arrange and dispose of them nearby, and provide "bottom-up" support

the construction of centralized disposal facilities for hazardous wastes is an urgent problem to be solved. Statistics show that there are nearly 80000 medical institutions of all kinds in the province. It is difficult to fully cover the collection and disposal of medical waste, and the construction of centralized disposal facilities is slow

in view of the current situation of the gap in the disposal capacity of hazardous wastes and medical wastes, in accordance with the principle of "moderate advance" proposed in the plan, we should encourage social capital to participate in the collection, storage, transportation, disposal and other business activities of hazardous wastes, build a number of centralized disposal facilities of hazardous wastes, alleviate the current disposal pressure, and meet the needs of long-term development

and the lack of disposal capacity also leads to the prominent risk of long-distance transportation. At present, there are no centralized hazardous waste disposal facilities in southern Sichuan, Northeastern Sichuan and northwestern Sichuan. If the hazardous wastes in Northeast and Northwest Sichuan need to be disposed, they need to be transferred to Chengdu, Meishan and Panzhihua. Among them, the transportation distance reaches 500 ~ 1000 kilometers, which greatly increases the transportation risk and enterprise disposal cost in the process of transshipment

in order to solve this problem, we propose to centralize the layout and dispose nearby. A number of centralized hazardous waste disposal facilities will be built mainly in cities (prefectures) to provide a "bottom-up" guarantee for the disposal of hazardous waste in their jurisdictions to meet emergency needs. Each city and state should build a centralized disposal point to basically solve the problem of hazardous waste disposal within its jurisdiction. However, according to the actual situation, neighboring cities and prefectures with small output of hazardous wastes and close distance are encouraged to build together, such as Neijiang and Ziyang

how to achieve the goal in the future in two steps in five years

according to the requirements of the plan, Sichuan will "take two steps" in the next five years, and finally achieve the goal of increasing the capacity of hazardous waste by 405000 tons/year by 2020 and 233000 tons/year by 2022

step 1 by 2020, seven projects of centralized disposal facilities for hazardous wastes in Chengdu (Longquan phase 2), Mianyang, Suining, Leshan and other cities with relatively fast preliminary work and solid foundation work will be fully completed, with an additional disposal capacity of 405000 tons/year of hazardous wastes, and the centralized disposal capacity of hazardous wastes in the province will reach 498600 tons/year

step 2 by 2022, six projects of centralized disposal facilities for hazardous wastes in Chengdu (Jianyang), Luzhou, Guang'an, Dazhou and Liangshan will be fully completed, with an additional disposal capacity of 233000 tons/year, and the centralized disposal capacity of hazardous wastes in the province will reach 731600 tons/year

in terms of strengthening the construction of disposal facilities, the plan puts forward requirements for promoting the construction of medical waste disposal facilities

the plan specifies that it is necessary to accelerate the implementation of three centralized medical waste disposal projects in Neijiang City, Ganzi Prefecture and Aba Prefecture, actively expand the capacity of centralized medical waste disposal facilities in eight prefecture level cities such as Chengdu, and promote the construction of centralized medical waste disposal facilities in seven county-level cities such as Jiangyou City. After all of them are completed and put into operation in 2020, the new centralized medical waste disposal capacity will be 72300 tons/year. We will focus on nine counties with a population of more than one million, including Zhongjiang County, to promote the construction of centralized medical waste disposal facilities at the county level

accelerate the construction of centralized disposal facilities for medical waste in 24 areas with large medical waste production or remote areas, such as Wangcang County, Jiange county and Daying County, and increase the centralized disposal capacity by 16900 tons/year by 2020. By 2020, the disposal capacity of medical waste in the province will reach 142900 tons/year, of which 89200 tons/year will be newly added

in addition, focusing on Deyang City and Neijiang testing machine, China is the world's largest production and consumption country, and the cities with rough parts selection methods, Zigong City, Mianyang City, Guangyuan City, Dazhou city and Luzhou City, we will orderly promote the pilot of collaborative disposal of cement kilns, and promote the use of existing cement kilns in the cement industry for collaborative disposal of hazardous waste according to local conditions, as an effective supplement to regional hazardous waste disposal

improve the comprehensive utilization capacity and strengthen the construction of supervision system

while strengthening the construction of disposal facilities, we should continue to improve the hazardous waste collection, storage and transportation system and strengthen the construction of supervision system

first, we should improve the comprehensive utilization capacity of hazardous wastes. Vigorously promote the construction of comprehensive utilization facilities for hazardous waste recycling, expand and strengthen the environmental protection industry, and significantly improve the level of hazardous waste recycling

secondly, we should strengthen the supervision of enterprises' self built disposal and utilization facilities. Gradually require the maximum experimental force of hazardous waste: 50kN; Weight: enterprises, parks and large petrochemical industry bases with an annual output of more than 10000 tons of 300kg will be equipped with hazardous waste disposal and utilization facilities, and self built disposal and utilization facilities will be encouraged to carry out foreign business services with surplus capacity

third, we should improve the collection system of hazardous waste from domestic sources. In combination with the three-year promotion plan for the construction of urban and rural waste treatment facilities in the province, Sichuan will focus on cities, carry out the collection, storage and transportation of hazardous waste from domestic sources, and tighten the pilot suitable for the construction of facilities. Improve the collection, storage and transportation system of various waste batteries containing mercury, cadmium, lead, nickel, waste drugs, waste fluorescent lamps containing mercury, waste thermometers containing mercury, sphygmomanometers and other hazardous wastes from sources of life. By 2022, at least one domestic hazardous waste collection, storage and transportation system demonstration project will be built in each city

at the same time, priority should be given to promoting pilot projects in Chengdu, Deyang, Mianyang, Guangyuan and other regions with large disposal needs. By the end of 2022, 19 recycling points will be built, forming a collection capacity of 500000 tons/year. And constantly improve the laboratory hazardous waste management system, and carry out the pilot work of classified collection, pretreatment and centralized disposal of laboratory waste

by establishing and improving the supervision system covering the whole process of hazardous waste generation, storage, transportation and disposal, and innovating the supervision means and mechanisms, the provincial solid waste management information system will be finally established, and the regional cooperation and coordination mechanism for hazardous waste emergency disposal will be established

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